New York is a city with sometimes dizzying inequality, and the inhabitants of a very poor area of Brooklyn will live 11 years less on average than those living near Wall Street, according to statistics released Wednesday.
These statistics on the health of New Yorkers were detailed to the borough of Brooklyn, one of five New York with Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens and Staten Island.
In the poor neighborhood of Brownsville in Brooklyn, whose population is 76% black, life expectancy is 74.1 years, one of the lowest in New York.
By comparison, life expectancy in the financial district of Manhattan is 85.4 years, the highest in the city, officials said.
This is the first time these statistics are refreshed since 2006: they detail include the rate of obesity, respiratory diseases, diabetes, eating habits, consumption of alcohol, cigarettes or drugs, preterm births but also pollution, income, housing conditions and violence.
“Health problems tend to concentrate in areas where people of color live, and where many people live in poverty,” said the Health Commissioner of New York Mary Bassett. “It’s unfair and avoidable,” she added.
In Brownsville (86 377 inhabitants), 28% of adults have not completed high school, 18% have been to university, against 4% and 84% respectively in the district of Wall Street.
37% live below the poverty line, and income spend 56% of their housing.
The incarceration rate is the second highest in New York, and the highest rates of aggression in the city (180 per 100 000 population).
Obese adults is 32%, diabetes 15% and 40% of adults are consume at least a sweet drink per day. The rate of hospitalization in psychiatry (1727 per 100 000 adults) are also more than twice that of Brooklyn (734) and New York (684), and nearly seven times that of the financial district in Manhattan (259).
Health and social profile of other New York boroughs should be published in the coming weeks.